Step 1 of 3: Select corruption type
Types of corruption
It is not an offence if the public officer has disclosed his interest and has been allowed to participate in the decision making process.
- Self-dealing: A public officer doing a business with an organization which he works for without disclosing
- Outside employment: Somebody holding two jobs in which the interest of one job conflicts with the other without disclosing
- Family interest: A public officer employing or giving services to a family member, relative or friends without disclosing
- Gifts: Gifts from friends who also do business with the person receiving the gifts without disclosing (Such gifts may include things of value such as transportation and lodging.)
Recipient: To receive or demand, or agree to receive or demand a private benefit so as to provide public services/goods.
Private benefit: gift, loan, fee, reward, appointment, service, favour, failure to take action, promise or other consideration or advantage.
- Offering / Giving something of value
- Agreeing to offer / give something of value
- Demanding for / receiving a private benefit
- Falsification of documents
- Over valuing or under valuing of goods
- Conversion of organisation’s property for personal use
- Failure to remit revenues
- Vandalizing organisation’s property
- Double receipting
- Money laundering
A person who uses his office to improperly benefit oneself or another person.
- breach of procurement rules to favour somebody
- abuse of discretion / power
The misuse of public funds placed in one’s care for one’s benefit or that of another person.
- Using bursary funds to enrich oneself eg Buy a car
- Using public funds for personal gains eg Money set aside for road construction or hospital renovation being used for unauthorized sitting allowances
To illegally sell, transfer, lease, charge or mortgage or in any way dispose of public property.
Fraudulent acquisition and disposal of public land. This includes to illegally acquire, sell, transfer, lease, charge or mortgage or in any way dispose of public land.
Land set aside for public utilities such as
- road reserves and parking bays
- public toilets
- forests and national parks
- parastatal and public corporations land among others
This refers to irregular purchase of goods, services and works contrary to the laid down public procurement procedures.
- Collusion amongst suppliers or between suppliers and public officials including bid rigging
- Absence of open tendering where it is required
- Conflict of interest – a public officer has a private interest in a contract for supply of goods, services and works that concerns his office and he fails to disclose the private interest to his employer
- Allocation of a tender to a person who is not qualified
Failure to honour a responsibility of trust and confidence bestowed upon a person by virtue of his office.
- Where managers of pension funds have irregularly invested member funds in breach of laid down regulations.
- Irregular investment of public funds in breach of regulations.
- Mismanagement by appointed administrators and executors of property entrusted under their care.
- Mismanagement of property by receiver managers / liquidators etc.
- The taxes include and are not limited to pay as you earn (PAYE)
- Income tax
- Claiming false tax refunds
- Value added tax (VAT)
- Import and excise duty
- Land rates and rents
- Stamp duty or stand premium
- License fees to the government or local authorities
- any other levy imposed by the government