History of the Champions

Welcome to the Champions


Uasin Gishu County is one of the counties established by the Constitution of Kenya (2010). It is situated in the Rift Valley region of Kenya and covers a total area of 3,345.2 Km2. It extends between longitudes 340 50’ East and 350 37’ East and latitudes 00 03’ South and 00 55’ North. It borders Trans Nzoia to the North, Elgeyo-Marakwet to the East, Baringo to the South East, Kericho to the South, Nandi to the South West and Kakamega County to the North West. The County headquarters; Eldoret town is approximately 350 Km from Nairobi.

Uasin Gishu County until 1750s was historical a savannah plateau with plenty of wildlife such as Lions, Leopards, Hyenas among others. The Maasai arrived in early 1600 and displaced the Sirikwa people occupied the Plateau and named it as Uasin Gishu after the Illwuasin-Kishu Maasai clan which was a grazing area of the clan. The Nandi displaced Maasai from the Plateau and occupied the Plateau as their grazing areas. Upon the arrival of the British, the Nandis were pushed to the Nandi African reserves while others as laborers in their farms. The plateau then was Anglicized as Uasin Gishu by the British.

In 1903, the Eldoret area was proposed as a potential Jewish homeland, as the British Uganda Programme. This proposal was rejected by the British Jewish community leaders. In 1908, fifty eight families of Afrikaans-speaking South Africans settled in Uasin Gishu plateau. They were followed by sixty more families in 1911 and more later. The town of Eldoret was established in the midst of the farms they created.

After independence in 1963, the County was administered by the Municipality of Eldoret and the Wareng County Council. In 2010, it was enacted as a one of the 47 devolved Units of Kenya and elected its first Governor, H.E Jackson Kiplagat araap Mandago, EGH in 2013. And in 2022 H.E Hon. Jonathan Bii Chelilim was elected as the second Governor .

Topographic, Climatic and Ecological Conditions

Uasin Gishu County is a highland plateau with an altitude that cascades gently from 2,700m above sea level at Timboroa in the East to about 1,500m above sea level at Kipkaren in the West.  The County can roughly be divided into two broad physiographic regions namely upper highlands and lower highlands, with Eldoret at 2,085 M above sea level (a.s.l.) forming the boundary between the regions. The topography is higher in the east and drops towards the western borders.  The plateau terrain in the County is friendly in construction of infrastructure such as roads and use of modern machinery for farming.

The County is divided into three zones namely; Upper highlands, Upper midlands and Lower highlands. Land use patterns in the County have been greatly influenced by these zones as adapt to the particular climatic conditions of an area. The geology of the County is dominated by tertiary volcanic rocks, with minimal commercially exploitable minerals. The four main soil types in the County are; Red Loam Soils occurring mainly in the northern part of the County in Turbo, Moi’s Bridge and Lower Moiben. Brown loam soils occur in high altitude areas of the County around Ainabkoi and Kaptagat. Red Clay Soils are found around Soy, Upper Moiben, and Nandi border areas. Brown Clay soils characterize the plateau and cover most of the Upper Lessos plateau areas. They are mostly shallow with murram close to the surface and are poorly drained. The soils are excellent for livestock rearing.

Economic and Social activities

The County economy is majorly driven by agriculture. Large scale wheat and maize farming, dairy farming and horticulture favoured by fertile soils and regular rainfall are dominant. Besides agriculture, the County is home to some of the world-famous athletes who have boosted sports tourism. The County is also a manufacturing hub, with numerous industries and factories providing employment to thousands of its urban population. Some of the notable industries include Raiply Wood factory, Rivatex Textiles, Kenknit Textiles, Kenya Pipeline Company (KPC), Kenya Cooperative Creameries (KCC) andas well as corn, and wheat factories all within Eldoret town. Other sectors such as commerce, transport, real estate and financial services are quite vibrant and significantly contribute to the County’s economy. Renowned wholesale and retail stores like Nakumatt, Uchumi, Tuskys, Naivas, Transmattresses, Eldomatt and Ukwala supermarkets have a presence in the County and some provide 24-hour shopping.

Political and Administrative units

Administratively, the County is divided into six sub-counties namely Turbo, Soy, Ainabkoi, Moiben, Kesses, and Kapsaret as shown below. These are further subdivided into one hundred and twenty locations and ninety-seven sub-locations.

The administrative boundaries of the six sub-counties also double as the constituencies’ boundaries with 30 County assembly wards spread as follows Soy (7), Turbo (6), Moiben (5), Ainabkoi (3), Kapsaret (5) and Kesses (4). Politically, these units produce; a Governor, 30 Members of the County Assembly and eight members of parliament comprising of six from the constituencies, a senator, and a woman representative.

County Background Information as per CIDP 2013

  1. According to the 2009 Population and Housing Census, the total population
    of Uasin Gishu County stood at 894,179. At an inter-censual population growth rate of 3.8%, the total population is projected to grow to 1,211,853 by 2017. The population growth rate was higher than the national growth rate at 2.9%. The population density was 267 persons per sq. Km.
  2. In 2012, the population age group between 0 to 14 years was 41.4% of the
    total; while the economically active age group of between 15 and 64 years
    accounted for 55.7% of the total. This implies that the County had a high
    dependency ratio and a high potential for labor force. The age group under one year was projected to grow from 29,175 in 2009 to 39,539 by 2017, while that aged between 2 and 5 years was expected to grow from 162,559 in 2009 to 220,311 by 2017.
  3. The age group between 15 and 29 years comprises the youth; and was
    expected to grow from 284,278 to 385,273 by 2017. The majority of the youth in the County are dependents due to limited employment and income-generating opportunities. It is also an age group that is prone to exciting activity and possible vulnerability to HIV and AIDS. Skills development and employment creation are therefore priority areas of investment for this group.
  4. Uasin Gishu has an extensive road network comprising of over 300 Kms of
    tarmac roads, 549 Kms of marrum and 377 Kms of earth roads. It also boasts 179 Kms of railway line with 8 railway stations. In addition, there is an inland container depot. The Moi International Airport and two airstrips are also located in Uasin Gishu easily making it the region’s service hub.
  5. The County enjoyed about 95% mobile phone coverage which is provided by
    all the major service providers in Kenya. It also has 16 post offices, 4 sub-postal offices and nine licensed service couriers. It is connected to the fibre optic cable thus, giving it access to fast internet connectivity. The availability of these services confirms the Count’s potential for fast economic development and an attractive location for investment.
  6. With regard to financial services the County has also witnessed significant
    It has a branch of the Central Bank of Kenya, 21 Commercial banks, 108 urban and 4 rural Saccos; and 5 major micro financing institutions.
    The education facilities are fairly developed with 2 public universities
    namely, Moi University and University of Eldoret. It also has 2 private universities and constituent colleges of major universities. There is also a National Polytechnic, a Technical Training Institute and several private commercial colleges. In terms of basic education, there are 576 ECD centres, 422 primary schools and 129 secondary schools.
  7. Currently, 30 trading centers, 33 secondary schools and 12 health centers
    are not connected to electricity. Firewood remains the main source of cooking fuel accounting for 84% of the households. The over-dependence on firewood has negative implications on existing forests raising the need to plant trees in designated areas for wood fuel; and to connect more households to the National Grid. More effort is also required to connect electricity to all trading centers, schools and health facilities.
  8. There are 102 trading centers with six of them being urban centers and
    The six are Burnt Forest, Matunda, Turbo, Moiben, Kesses and Kapsaret. Urban centers have emerged and grown without proper physical planning. Undesirable developments including informal settlements have mushroomed with their growth. The infrastructural facilities including roads and water supply are insufficient to meet the demands of the growing population.
  9. Of the built houses in the County, 45.6% are mud-walled or used wood as the
    main walling material. Houses built using brick or blocks accounted for 25.4% while mud/slash cement accounted for 18.1%. The main roofing materials was corrugated iron sheets which accounted for 84.4%.
  10. The Uasin Gishu County had an average land holding of 5 hectares in rural
    areas, and 0.25 of hectares within Eldoret Municipality. Land use practices varied considerably across the County. In 2012 there were 919 landless households distributed in various schemes, with Turbo settlement scheme accounting for 658 households; Jabali settlement Scheme 161 and Maili Tisa 100. Some of the landless are squatters living in gazetted forests; immigrants from other counties; and those who become landless by virtue of selling family land.
  11. The average farm size in Uasin Gishu was 2-10 acres with a wide range of crop and livestock enterprises. The crop enterprises include food crops, cash/industrial crops and horticultural crops whereas the livestock enterprises include dairy, poultry, sheep, goats, pigs, beekeeping and fish farming.
  12. The three main livelihoods in the County were mixed farming (food crops and
    livestock), mixed farming (commercial crops and livestock –dairy) and
    formal/casual employment. The agriculture sector comprises livestock production, veterinary, agriculture and fisheries departments. Characteristics of the agricultural sector vary widely from predominantly small-scale with low external inputs to highly mechanized large-scale farming with very high levels of external inputs. Uasin Gishu has a rich agricultural resource base with 80% of the land tenure being privately owned. Private ownership of land has encouraged investment in permanent and long-term improvements of development on farms. Small-scale farming subsector (0-30 acres) accounts for 75% of the total agricultural produce. However, the County has not exploited its potential. Production of main food crops
    and livestock has generally been low. Farmers depend on rain-fed agriculture and production costs for most crops are high due to high input costs especially fertilizers, poor and long marketing chains consisting of many players for the different commodities making them inefficient and unresponsive to the process needs. Low levels of mechanization and high transport costs due to an increase in global oil prices. Private sector initiatives have not been fully explored. Of the registered cooperative societies, 149 are active, 104 are dormant, and 12 collapsed. The total membership is 24,011 with a turnover of Kshs.200 million. Most of the active societies are engaged in the production and marketing of agricultural produce.
  13. Some of the major NGOs operating in the County included the Red Cross,
    SNV, Catholic Relief Services, and World Vision. Most of them engage in social programs relating to the provision of clean water and sanitation services, HIV and AIDS management, gender issues and peacebuilding.
  14. There were 877 registered self-help groups out of which 349 were for women while 301 were for youth groups. The groups are mostly engaged in farming and small-scale businesses.
  15. The County had a total of 29,802 hectares of gazetted forests out of which
    13,184 hectares (or 44%) were under plantation while 16,618 (or 56%) were under indigenous forest cover. The gazetted forests were; Nabkoi, Timboroa Kipkurere, Lurenge, Singalo, and Kapsaret.
  16. The overuse and destruction of forest cover pointed to the need to protect
    forests and water catchment areas. The continued reliance on trees for fuel; and the use of wetlands for farming led to deforestation and encroachment on river banks. These practices resulted in environmental degradation, siltation of water reservoirs, depletion of forest cover, soil erosion and degradation.

The degradation of the environment also resulted from poor solid waste
disposal, pollution from industries and the overuse of insecticides and fertilizers. Soil erosion which was an aspect of environmental degradation had reduced the productivity of the land in some areas. Deforestation had on its part led to unpredictable weather conditions greatly affecting farming.  Rainfall patterns had become increasingly unpredictable and health was also affected.

  1. The County had a potential labor force of 550,000 (or 56% of the entire
    population). This implied that 44% of the population was dependent. Out of the total labor force, also 44% are engaged in self-employment. It was inferred that those seeking employment prefer wage employment pointing to the need to create more job opportunities in the County.


County Vision

A prosperous and attractive County in Kenya and beyond

County Mission

To provide a high quality of life to the residents through good governance, innovation, inclusive growth and sustainable development

Core Values:

  • Participation of the people: we involve our people in decision-making on matters that affect their welfare;
  • Equity and equality: we ensure fairness in the distribution of county resources without leaving anyone behind;
  • Inclusiveness: we will ensure all developments encompasses all members of the society without discrimination
  • Innovativeness: we are committed to transforming the service provision to meet and exceed the expectations of Uasin Gishu county residents;
  • Integrity: in all our undertakings, we are committed to acting in an honest and professional manner;
  • Accountability and transparency: we are committed to being responsible for our actions and continuously improving service delivery, reporting appropriately to stakeholders and clients;
  • Customer focus: we commit to placing the customer at the center of our focus in service delivery.



The Champions